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Lesson from Kerala floods : Human activities, climate change has disastrous effects on environment

  Lesson from Kerala floods : Human activities, climate change has disastrous effects on environment   Sagaya Fernando Mumbai: 19 October 2021   Overexploitation of natural resources and haphazard development by humans has led to climate change, resulting in long-lasting consequences on the environment. This is increasing health hazards and natural disasters, and more, day by day. The torrential flooding being witnessed recently in the state of Kerala in India is a prime example of this, say many experts.   This is not the first time that Kerala, a state of 34 million people, has been devastated by floods. It saw the worst floods in a century in 2018 when severe rains caused flash floods and landslides, killing nearly 500 people and leaving a million homeless. The following year, more than 125 people were killed in flash floods and landslides across the state. More than 50 were killed in August last year after landslides struck the hilly Munnar region.   The latest spell of torrential
In a challenging surgery, doctors save 9-year-old boy spiked on jaw by a metre long iron rod

The hooked rod had pierced his chin, with the tip of the hook coming out of his mouth penetrating through the floor of the mouth and tongue


Sagaya Fernando
Mumbai: 2 December 2019

On October 15 at around 7.15 am, 9-year-old Ayush clambered atop a stool to take a towel put to dry on a clothesline at his home at Ayyapuram village near Palakkad town, Kerala, India. Leaning to grab the towel, the stool slipped, and he fell on a hooked iron rod – which was being used as part of a traditional cloth cradle. The sharp hook end of the road pierced through his lower jaw leaving him in pain and trauma.

Ayush’s family members rushed him with the dangling rod to the Government District Hospital at Palakkad – located around 3 kms from their residence, where the doctors advised them to take the boy to the better equipped Government Medical College Hospital at Thrissur which is about 75 kms away. However seeing the boy writhing in pain, and not waste time any further, the parents rushed him to the privately-managed Lakshmi Hospital located just 2 km downtown.

At Lakshmi Hospital, a team of doctors led by general surgeon Dr Praveen V A stabilized the boy, and began the challenging surgery at 8.30 am – within one and half hours of the incident.

“It was quite difficult to do major investigations since the movement of the rod will traumatize the boy further. The one-metre long iron rod had pierced his chin, with the tip of the hook coming out of his mouth penetrating through the floor of the mouth and tongue,” said Dr Praveen.

Ayush was lucky that the rod did not hurt the blood vessels to the brain or the windpipe.

“The rod was lodged very close to the trachea and major blood vessels going to the brain,” he added.

“The main challenge was in giving anesthesia to the young patient. Nevertheless, we conducted the surgery and succeed in removing the rod without causing any harm to the trachea and the major blood vessels. It was such a sensitive and delicate surgery that even a minor glitch could have ended in a disaster for the boy. The surgery lasted about one and half hours,” said Dr Praveen.

Dr. Praveen was assisted by anesthesiologist Dr Venugopal V C.

Ayush was discharged from the hospital on October 17. His wounds have healed now, and he is back to playful self, said Dr Praveen.


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